Profound Parables

The Parable of Man!

27th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Hadid Verse 20

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ٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّمَا ٱلْحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌۢ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِى ٱلْأَمْوَٰلِ وَٱلْأَوْلَـٰدِ ۖ كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ ٱلْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُۥ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَىٰهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَـٰمًا ۖ وَفِى ٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنَ ٱللَّـهِ وَرِضْوَٰنٌ ۚ وَمَا ٱلْحَيَوٰةُ ٱلدُّنْيَآ إِلَّا مَتَـٰعُ ٱلْغُرُورِ ﴿٢٠

***

20. Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children, as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter a severe torment, and Forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure, whereas the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.

~~~

Tafseer Ibn Katheer Volume 9, Page 490

Allah the Exalted degrades the significance of this life and belittles it by saying,

﴿أَنَّمَا الْحَيَوةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِى الاٌّمْوَلِ وَالاٌّوْلْـدِ﴾

that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children.

Meaning, this is the significance of this life to its people. Allah the Exalted also sets a parable for this life, declaring that its joys are fading and its delights are perishable, saying that life is,

﴿كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ﴾

“Like a rain (Ghayth)” which is the rain that comes down to mankind, after they had felt despair.

Allah’s statement,

﴿أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ﴾

“thereof the growth is pleasing to the tiller”

Meaning that farmers admire the vegetation that grows in the aftermath of rain. And just as farmers admire vegetation, the disbelievers admire this life; they are the most eager to acquire the traits of life, and life is most dear to them,

﴿ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرّاً ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَاماً﴾

“afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw.”

Meaning, that vegetation soon turns yellow in color, after being fresh and green. After that, the green fades away and becomes scattered pieces of dust. This is the parable of this worldly life, it starts young, then matures and then turns old and feeble.

This is also the parable of mankind in this life; they are young and strong in the beginning. In this stage of life, they look youthful and handsome. Slowly, they begin growing older, their mannerism changes and their strength weakens. They then grow old and feeble; moving becomes difficult for them, while doing easy things becomes beyond their ability. This parable indicates the near demise of this life and the imminent end of it, while in contrast, the Hereafter is surely coming. Those who hear this parable should, therefore, be aware of the significance of the Hereafter and feel eagerness in the goodness that it contains.

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The Parable of Shirk!

23rd of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Zumar Verse 29

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ضَرَبَ ٱللَّـهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَآءُ مُتَشَـٰكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٢٩

***

29. Allah puts forth a similitude: a (slave) man belonging to many partners (like those who worship others along with Allah) disputing with one another, and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master, (like those who worship Allah Alone). Are those two equal in comparison? All the praises and thanks be to Allah! But most of them know not.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Katheer Volume 8, Page 385

Allah says:

﴿ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً رَّجُلاً فِيهِ شُرَكَآءُ مُتَشَـكِسُونَ﴾

“Allah puts forth a parable: a man belonging to many partners disputing with one another,”

Meaning, they were disputing concerning that slave in whom they all had a share.

﴿وَرَجُلاً سَلَماً لِّرَجُلٍ﴾

“and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master.”

means, no one owned him except that one man.

﴿هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلاً﴾

“Are those two equal in comparison”

Meaning, they are not the same. By the same token, the idolator who worships other gods besides Allah and the sincere believer who worships none besides Allah, with no partner or associate, are not equal. What comparison can there be between them Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Mujahid and others said, “This Ayah is the parable of the idolator and the sincere believer.” Because this parable is so clear and obvious, Allah then says:

﴿الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ﴾

“All the praises and thanks be to Allah!”

i.e., for establishing proof against them.

﴿بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ﴾

“But most of them know not. “

Means, and for this reason they associate others in worship with Allah.

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The Parable of the Spider’s Web!

21st of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Ankabuut Verse 41

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مَثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّخَذُوا۟ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّـهِ أَوْلِيَآءَ كَمَثَلِ ٱلْعَنكَبُوتِ ٱتَّخَذَتْ بَيْتًا ۖ وَإِنَّ أَوْهَنَ ٱلْبُيُوتِ لَبَيْتُ ٱلْعَنكَبُوتِ ۖ لَوْ كَانُوا۟ يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٤١

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41. The likeness of those who take Auliya’ (protectors and helpers) other than Allah is as the likeness of a spider, who builds (for itself) a house, but verily, the frailest of houses is the spider’s house; if they but knew.

~~~

Tafseer Ibn Katheer Volume 7, Page 492.

This is how Allah described the idolators in their reverence of gods besides Him, hoping that they would help them and provide for them, and turning to them in times of difficulties. In this regard, they were like the house of a spider, which is so weak and frail, because by clinging to these gods they were like a person who holds on to a spider’s web, who does not gain any benefit from that. If they knew this, they would not take any protectors besides Allah.

This is unlike the Muslim believer, whose heart is devoted to Allah, yet he still does righteous deeds and follows the Laws of Allah, for he has grasped the most trustworthy handle that will never break because it is so strong and firm. Then Allah warns those who worship others besides Him and associate others with Him that He knows what they do and the rivals they associate with Him. He will punish them for their attribution, for He is All-Wise and All-Knowing. Then He says:

﴿وَتِلْكَ الاٌّمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَآ إِلاَّ الْعَـلِمُونَ ﴾

“And these are the examples We give for mankind; but none will understand them except those who have knowledge.”

Meaning, no one understands them or ponders them except those who are possessed of deep knowledge. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Amr bin Murrah said, “I never came across an Ayah of the Book of Allah that I did not know, but it grieved me, because I heard that Allah says:

﴿وَتِلْكَ الاٌّمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَآ إِلاَّ الْعَـلِمُونَ ﴾

“And these are the examples We give for mankind; but none will understand them except those who have knowledge.””

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The Parable of the Fly!

17th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Hajj Verse 73

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يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ضُرِبَ مَثَلٌ فَٱسْتَمِعُوا۟ لَهُۥٓ ۚ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّـهِ لَن يَخْلُقُوا۟ ذُبَابًا وَلَوِ ٱجْتَمَعُوا۟ لَهُۥ ۖ وَإِن يَسْلُبْهُمُ ٱلذُّبَابُ شَيْـًٔا لَّا يَسْتَنقِذُوهُ مِنْهُ ۚ ضَعُفَ ٱلطَّالِبُ وَٱلْمَطْلُوبُ ﴿٧٣

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73. O mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily! Those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create (even) a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatched away a thing from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. So weak are (both) the seeker and the sought.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 6, Page 618.

Here Allah points out the insignificance of the idols.

﴿يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ ضُرِبَ مَثَلٌ﴾

“O mankind! A parable has been made,”

Meaning, a parable of that which is worshipped by those who are ignorant of Allah and who join others as partners with Him.

﴿فَاسْتَمِعُواْ لَهُ﴾

“so listen to it” (pay attention)

﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ لَن يَخْلُقُواْ ذُبَاباً وَلَوِ اجْتَمَعُواْ لَهُ﴾

“Verily, those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create a fly, even though they combine together for the purpose.”

Even if all the idols and false gods whom you worship were to come together to create a single fly, they would not be able to do that. `Umarah from Abu Zur`ah from Abu Hurayrah, who said that the Prophet said:

«قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنْ ذَهَبَ يَخْلُقُ كَخَلْقِي، فَلْيَخْلُقُوا ذَرَّةً، فَلْيَخْلُقُوا شَعِيرَة»

“Allah says: “Who does more wrong than one who tries to create (something) like My creation Let them create an ant, let them create a grain of barley.””

 

Then Allah says:

﴿وَإِن يَسْلُبْهُمُ الذُّبَابُ شَيْئاً لاَّ يَسْتَنقِذُوهُ مِنْهُ﴾

“And if the fly snatches away a thing from them, they will have no power to release it from the fly.”

They are unable to create a single fly and, moreover, they are unable to resist it or take revenge against it if it were to take anything from the good and perfumed thing on which it lands. If they wanted to recover that, they would not be able to, even though the fly is the weakest and most insignificant of Allah’s creatures. Allah says:

 

﴿ضَعُفَ الطَّالِبُ وَالْمَطْلُوبُ﴾

“So weak are the seeker and the sought.”

Ibn `Abbas said, “The seeker is the idol and the sought is the fly.” This was the view favored by Ibn Jarir, and it is what is apparent from the context. As-Suddi and others said, “The seeker is the worshipper, and the sought is the idol.”

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The Parables in The Quran!

15th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Kahf Verse 54

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وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِى هَـٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانِ لِلنَّاسِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱلْإِنسَـٰنُ أَكْثَرَ شَىْءٍ جَدَلًا ﴿٥٤

***

54. And indeed We have put forth every kind of example in this Qur’an, for mankind. But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Katheer 

Allah says: “In this Qur’an, We have explained to mankind and given clear details of matters so that they will not stray from the truth or be misled from the path of guidance. Despite this explanation, man is very quarrelsome and opposes truth with falsehood,'” except for those whom Allah guides to the path of salvation. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Ali bin Abi Talib said that the Messenger of Allah, may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, came to visit him and Fatimah, the daughter of Allah’s Messenger at night, and said,

«أَلَا تُصَلِّيَانِ؟»

“Are you not going to pray”

I said, “O Messenger of Allah, our souls are in the Hand of Allah. If He wills to wake us, He will wake us.” When I said that, he went away without returning. Then I heard him as he was walking away, slapping his thigh and saying,

﴿وَكَانَ الإِنْسَـنُ أَكْثَرَ شَىءٍ جَدَلاً﴾

“But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything.”

It was also recorded in the Two Sahihs.

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The Parable of the Good Word – Tawheed!

13th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Ibraheem Verses 24 and  25

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أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ ٱللَّـهُ مَثَلًا كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَفَرْعُهَا فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِ ﴿٢٤

تُؤْتِىٓ أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍۭ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا ۗ وَيَضْرِبُ ٱللَّـهُ ٱلْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ ﴿٢٥

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24. See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches to the sky. 25. Giving its fruit at all times, by the Leave of its Lord and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Katheer Volume 5, Page 339

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that `Abdullah bin `Abbas commented that Allah’s statement,

 

﴿مَثَلاً كَلِمَةً طَيِّبَةً﴾

“a parable: a goodly word”,

Refers to testifying to La ilaha illallah, (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) while,

﴿كَشَجَرةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ﴾

“as a goodly tree”,

Refers to the believer, and that,

﴿أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ﴾

“whose root is firmly fixed”,

Indicates that La ilaha illallah, (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) is firm in the believers’ heart,

﴿وَفَرْعُهَا فِى السَّمَآءِ﴾

“and its branches (reach) to the sky.”

With which the believer’s works are ascended to heaven. Similar is said by Ad-Dahhak, Sa’id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Mujahid and several others. They stated that this parable describes the believer’s deeds, good statements and good actions. The believer is just like the beneficial date tree, always having good actions ascending at all times, by day and by night.

Allah said next,

﴿تُؤْتِى أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ﴾

“Giving its fruit at all times”

It is said that it means by day and by night. And they say that describes the believer as a tree that always has fruits during summer and winter, by night and by day. This is the parable of the believer whose good works ascend to heaven by day and by night and at all times,

﴿بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا﴾

“by the leave of its Lord”

Thus earning perfection and becoming beneficial, plentiful, pure and blessed,

﴿وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ﴾

“and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember”.

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The Parable of Sight and Sound!

12th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Hud Verse 24

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مَثَلُ ٱلْفَرِيقَيْنِ كَٱلْأَعْمَىٰ وَٱلْأَصَمِّ وَٱلْبَصِيرِ وَٱلسَّمِيعِ ۚ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚأَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ ﴿٢٤

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24. The likeness of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf and the seer and the hearer. Are they equal when compared? Will you not then take heed?

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 5, Page 46

Here, Allah, the Exalted, makes a parable of the disbelievers and the believers. He says,

﴿مَثَلُ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ﴾

“The likeness of the two parties”

This refers to those disbelievers whom Allah first described as wretched, and then those believers whom He described with delightfulness. The first group is like one who is blind and deaf, while the second group is like he who sees and hears. Thus, the disbeliever is blind from the truth in this life and in the Hereafter. He is not guided to goodness, nor does he recognize it. He is deaf from hearing the proofs, thus he does not hear that which would benefit him. As Allah says,

﴿وَلَوْ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ فِيهِمْ خَيْرًا لأَسْمَعَهُمْ﴾

“Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them listen.” (8:23)

The believer is smart, bright and clever. He sees the truth and distinguishes between the truth and falsehood. Thus, he follows the good and abandons the evil. He hears and distinguishes between the proof and scepticism. Therefore, falsehood does not overcome him. Are these two types of people alike

﴿أَفَلاَ تَذَكَّرُونَ ﴾

“Will you not then take heed”

This statement means, “Will you not consider, so that you may distinguish between these two categories of people.”

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The Parable of this Life

11th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Yunus Verse 24

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 إِنَّمَا مَثَلُ ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا كَمَآءٍ أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فَٱخْتَلَطَ بِهِۦ نَبَاتُ ٱلْأَرْضِ مِمَّا يَأْكُلُ ٱلنَّاسُ وَٱلْأَنْعَـٰمُ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَخَذَتِ ٱلْأَرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا وَٱزَّيَّنَتْ وَظَنَّ أَهْلُهَآ أَنَّهُمْ قَـٰدِرُونَ عَلَيْهَآ أَتَىٰهَآ أَمْرُنَا لَيْلًا أَوْ نَهَارًا فَجَعَلْنَـٰهَا حَصِيدًا كَأَن لَّمْ تَغْنَ بِٱلْأَمْسِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ ٱلْـَٔايَـٰتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ ﴿٢٤

***

24. Verily the likeness of (this) worldly life is as the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, so by it arises the intermingled produce of the earth of which men and cattle eat until when the earth is clad with its adornments and is beautified, and its people think that they have all the powers of disposal over it, Our Command reaches it by night or by day and We make it like a clean-mown harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday! Thus do We explain the Ayat in detail for the people who reflect.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 588

Allah the Almighty has set an example of the similitude of the life of this world, its glitter and the swiftness of its passage, likening it to the plant and vegetation that Allah brings out from the earth. This plant grows from the water that comes down from the sky. These plants are food for people, such as fruits and other different types and kinds of foods. Some other kinds are food for cattle such as clover plants (i.e. green fodder for the cattle) and herbage etc.

﴿حَتَّى إِذَآ أَخَذَتِ الاٌّرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا﴾

“until when the earth is clad in its adornments,”

﴿وَازَّيَّنَتْ﴾

“and is beautified”

Meaning, it became good by what grows on its hills such as blooming flowers of different shapes and colors.

﴿وَظَنَّ أَهْلُهَآ﴾

“and its people think…”

Those who planted it and put it in the ground,

﴿أَنَّهُمْ قَادِرُونَ عَلَيْهَآ﴾

“that they have all the powers of disposal over it”

To cultivate it and harvest it. But while they were in that frame of mind, a thunderbolt or a severe, cold storm came to it. It dried its leaves and spoiled its fruits. Allah said:

﴿أَتَاهَآ أَمْرُنَا لَيْلاً أَوْ نَهَارًا فَجَعَلْنَاهَا حَصِيدًا﴾

“Our command reaches it by night or by day and We make it like a clean-mown harvest,”

It became dry after it was green and flourishing.

﴿كَأَن لَّمْ تَغْنَ بِالاٌّمْسِ﴾

“as if it had not flourished yesterday!”

As if nothing existed there before. Qatadah said: “As if it had not flourished; as if it was never blessed.” Such are things after they perish, they are as if they had never existed.

Allah then said:

﴿كَذلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الآيَـتِ﴾

“Thus do We explain the Ayat. ..” 

﴿لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ﴾

“for the people who reflect.”

We do explain the proofs, and evidences, in detail so they may take a lesson from this example in the swift vanishing of this world from its people while they are deceived by it. They would trust this world and its promises, and then it unexpectedly turns away from them. This world, in its nature, runs away from those who seek it but seeks those who run away from it.

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The Parable of Bal’am ibn Ba’ura

9th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul A’araaf Verses 175 and 176

وَٱتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ ٱلَّذِىٓ ءَاتَيْنَـٰهُ ءَايَـٰتِنَا فَٱنسَلَخَ مِنْهَا فَأَتْبَعَهُ ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنُ فَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلْغَاوِينَ ﴿١٧٥﴾ وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَرَفَعْنَـٰهُ بِهَا وَلَـٰكِنَّهُۥٓ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱتَّبَعَ هَوَىٰهُ ۚ فَمَثَلُهُۥ كَمَثَلِ ٱلْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث ۚ ذَّٰلِكَ مَثَلُ ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا۟ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا ۚ فَٱقْصُصِ ٱلْقَصَصَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ ﴿١٧٦

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175. And recite (O Muhammad ) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat , but he threw them away, so Shaitan (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray.

176. And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his description is the description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the description of the people who reject Our Ayat. So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 207

Allah said next,

﴿فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ الْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث﴾

“So his parable is the parable of a dog: if you drive him away, he pants, or if you leave him alone, he (still) pants.”

Scholars of Tafsir have conflicting opinions regarding the meaning of this Ayah. Some scholars said that it refers to the end of Bal`am’s tongue which flickered out of his mouth, as in the story narrated from Ibn Ishaq (Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 204). Therefore, his example is the example of the dog, its tongue pants regardless of whether it is driven away or not.

It was also said that the meaning here is a parable of this man — and his like — concerning their misguidance, persisting the wrong path and not being able to benefit from faith or comprehend what they are being called to. So his example is that of a dog which pants whether it was driven away or left alone. The person described here does not benefit from the advice or the call to faith, just as if the advice and call never occurred. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿سَوَآءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ ءَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ﴾

“It is the same to them (disbelievers) whether you warn them or do not warn them, they will not believe.” (Q2:6)

It was also said that the meaning here, is that the heart of the disbeliever, the hypocrite and the wicked is weak and devoid of guidance. Therefore, it keeps faltering.

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The Parable of ‘Isa!!!

4th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Al-Imraan Verse 59

إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَىٰ عِندَ ٱللَّـهِ كَمَثَلِ ءَادَمَ ۖ خَلَقَهُۥ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ ﴿٥٩

***

59. Verily, the likeness of ‘Isa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” – and he was.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 2, Page 175

Allaah said,

﴿إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِندَ اللَّهِ﴾

“Verily, the likeness of `Isa before Allah”

Regarding Allaah’s ability, since He created him without a father,

﴿كَمَثَلِ ءَادَمَ﴾

“is the likeness of Adam,”

For Allaah created Adam without a father or a mother. Rather,

﴿خَلَقَهُ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ﴾

“He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” and he was.”

Therefore, He Who created Adam without a father or a mother is able to create `Isa, as well, without a father. If the claim is made that `Isa is Allaah’s son because he was created without a father, then the same claim befits Adam even more. However, since such a claim regarding Adam is obviously false, then making the same claim about `Isa is even more false.

Furthermore, by mentioning these facts, Allaah emphasizes His ability, by creating Adam without a male or female, Hawa’ from a male without a female, and `Isa from a mother without a father, compared to His creating the rest of creation from male and female. This is why Allaah said in Surah Maryam,

﴿وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ ءَايَةً لِّلْنَّاسِ﴾

“And We made him a sign for mankind” (19: 21)

Allaah said in this Ayah,

﴿الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلاَ تَكُنْ مِّن الْمُمْتَرِينَ ﴾

“(This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt.”

Meaning, this is the only true story about `Isa, and what is beyond truth save falsehood.

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