Posts Tagged With: Speech

Do as You say!

Suuratus – Saff Verse 2.

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لِمَ تَقُولُونَ مَا لَا تَفْعَلُونَ﴿٢

2. O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do?

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 9 Page 613.

Allah’s statement,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لِمَ تَقُولُونَ مَا لاَ تَفْعَلُونَ ﴾

(O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do) This refutes those who neglect to fulfill their promises. This honorable Ayah supports the view that several scholars of the Salaf held, that it is necessary to fulfill the promise, regardless of whether the promise includes some type of wealth for the person receiving the promise or otherwise. They also argue from the Sunnah, with the Hadith recorded in the Two Sahihs in which Allah’s Messenger said,

«آيَةُ الْمُنَافِقِ ثَلَاثٌ: إِذَا وَعَدَ أَخْلَفَ، وَإِذَا حَدَّثَ كَذَبَ، وَإِذَا اؤْتُمِنَ خَان»

(There are three signs for a hypocrite: when he promises, he breaks his promise; when speaks, he lies; and when he is entrusted, he betrays.) And in another Hadith in the Sahih,

«أَرْبَعٌ مَنْ كُنَّ فِيهِ كَانَ مُنَافِقًا خَالِصًا،وَمَنْ كَانَتْ فِيهِ وَاحِدَةٌ مِنْهُنَّ كَانَتْ فِيهِ خَصْلَةٌ مِنْ نِفَاقٍ حَتْى يَدَعَهَا»

(There are four characteristics which if one has all of them, he is the pure hypocrite, and if anyone has any of them, he has a characteristic of hypocrisy, until he abandons it.) So he mentioned breaking the promise among these four characteristics. We mentioned the meaning of these two Hadiths in the beginning of the explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari, and to Allah is the praise and the thanks. Therefore Allah implied this meaning, when He continued His admonishment by saying,

﴿كَبُرَ مَقْتاً عِندَ اللَّهِ أَن تَقُولُواْ مَا لاَ تَفْعَلُونَ ﴾

 (Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.) Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded that `Abdullah bin `Amir bin Rabi`ah said, “Allah’s Messenger came to us while I was a young boy, and I went out to play. My mother said, `O `Abdullah! Come, I want to give you something.’ Allah’s Messenger said to her,

«وَمَا أَرَدْتِ أَنْ تُعْطِيَهُ؟»

 (What did you want to give him) She said, `Dates.’ He said,

«أَمَا إِنَّكِ لَوْ لَمْ تَفْعَلِي كُتِبَتْ عَلَيْكِ كَذْبَة»

 (If you had not given them to him, it would have been written as a lie in your record)”

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Dignify your walk and talk!

Suuratul – Furqaan Verse 63.

وَعِبَادُ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنِ ٱلَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ ٱلْجَـٰهِلُونَ قَالُوا۟ سَلَـٰمًا ﴿٦٣

63. And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the earth in humility and dignity, and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 7, Page 196.

These are the attributes of the believing servants of Allah,

﴿الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الاٌّرْضِ هَوْناً﴾

(those who walk on the earth Hawna,) meaning that they walk with dignity and humility, not with arrogance and pride. This is like the Ayah:

﴿وَلاَ تَمْشِ فِى الاٌّرْضِ مَرَحًا﴾

(And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance…) (17:37).

So these people do not walk with conceit or arrogance or pride. This does not mean that they should walk like sick people, making a show of their humility, for the leader of the sons of Adam (the Prophet) used to walk as if he was coming downhill, and as if the earth were folded up beneath him. What is meant here by Hawn is serenity and dignity, as the Messenger of Allah said:

«إِذَا أَتَيْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَلَا تَأْتُوهَا وَأَنْتُمْ تَسْعَونَ، وَأْتُوهَا وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّكِينَةُ فَمَا أَدْرَكْتُمْ مِنْهَا فَصَلُّوا، وَمَا فَاتَكُمْ فَأَتِمُّوا»

(When you come to the prayer, do not come rushing in haste. Come calmly and with tranquility, and whatever you catch up with, pray, and whatever you miss, make it up.)

﴿وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الجَـهِلُونَ قَالُواْ سَلاَماً﴾

(and when the foolish address them they say: “Salama”)

If the ignorant people insult them with bad words, they do not respond in kind, but they forgive and overlook, and say nothing but good words. This is what the Messenger of Allah did: the more ignorant the people, the more patient he would be. Then Allah says that their nights are the best of nights, as He says:

﴿وَالَّذِينَ يِبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّداً وَقِيَـماً ﴾

(And those who spend the night in worship of their Lord, prostrate and standing)

Meaning, worshipping and obeying Him. This is like the Ayat:

﴿كَانُواْ قَلِيلاً مِّن الَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ – وَبِالاٌّسْحَـرِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ ﴾

(They used to sleep but little by night. And in the hours before dawn, they were asking for forgiveness) (51:17-18).

﴿تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ﴾

(Their sides forsake their beds…) (32:16).

﴿أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ ءَانَآءَ الَّيْلِ سَـجِداً وَقَآئِماً يَحْذَرُ الاٌّخِرَةَ وَيَرْجُواْ رَحْمَةَ رَبِّهِ﴾

(Is one who is obedient to Allah, prostrating himself or standing during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord…) (39:9).

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What not to say!

Suuratul Baqarah Verse 104.

 

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَقُولُوا۟ رَٰعِنَا وَقُولُوا۟ ٱنظُرْنَا وَٱسْمَعُوا۟ ۗ وَلِلْكَـٰفِرِينَ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ﴿١٠٤

 

104. O you who believe! Say not (to the Messenger Peace be upon him ) Ra’ina but say Unzurna (Do make us understand) and hear. And for the disbelievers there is a painful torment.

TAFSIR IBN KATHIR

Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah,

﴿لاَ تَقُولُواْ رَعِنَا﴾

(Say not (to the Messenger ) Ra`ina) “They used to say to the Prophet , Ar`ina samak (which is an insult).” Ibn Abu Hatim said that it was reported that Abu Al-`Aliyah, Abu Malik, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas, `Atiyah Al-`Awfi and Qatadah said similarly. Further, Mujahid said, “`Do not say Ra`ina’ means, `Do not dispute’.” Mujahid said in another narration, “Do not say, `We hear from you, and you hear from us.”’ Also, `Ata’ said, “Do not say,

﴿رَعِنَا﴾

(Ra`ina), which was a dialect that the Ansar used and which was forbidden from use by Allah.”

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