Monthly Archives: February 2012

Disbelief!!!

6th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Nisai’ Verse 170

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَكُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِٱلْحَقِّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَـَٔامِنُوا۟ خَيْرًا لَّكُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَكْفُرُوا۟ فَإِنَّ لِلَّـهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّـهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا ﴿١٧٠

170. O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger (Muhammad ) with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 3, Page 53

Allah then said,

﴿يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَكُمُ الرَّسُولُ بِالْحَقِّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَـَامِنُواْ خَيْراً لَّكُمْ﴾

“O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you.”

This Ayah means, Muhammad has come to you with guidance, the religion of truth and clear proof from Allah. Therefore believe in what he has brought you and follow him, for this is better for you. Allah then said,

﴿وَإِن تَكْفُرُواْ فَإِنَّ للَّهِ مَا فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ﴾

“But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth”

Allah is far too rich than to need you or your faith, and no harm could ever affect Him because of your disbelief. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿وَقَالَ مُوسَى إِن تَكْفُرُواْ أَنتُمْ وَمَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ جَمِيعًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِىٌّ حَمِيدٌ ﴾

“And Musa said: “If you disbelieve, you and all on earth together, then verily, Allah is Rich (Free of all needs), Owner of all praise.”

Allah said here,

﴿وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيماً﴾

“And Allah is Ever All-Knowing”

He knows those who deserve to be guided, and He will guide them. He also knows those who deserve deviation, and He leads them to it,

﴿حَكِيماً﴾

“All-Wise”

in His statements, actions, legislation and all that He decrees.

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SHIRK!

5th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Nisaa’ Verse 112.

إِنَّ ٱللَّـهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِٱللَّـهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَـٰلًۢا بَعِيدًا﴿١١٦

116. Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 2, Page 582.

Allah said that He,

﴿لاَ يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ﴾

“forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship)”

Meaning, He does not forgive a servant if he meets Him while he is associating partners with Him,

﴿وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ﴾

“but He forgives except that (of sins)”

﴿لِمَن يَشَآءُ﴾

“to whom He wills (of His servants)”

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ اللهَ يَقُولُ: يَا عَبْدِي مَا عَبَدْتَنِي وَرَجَوْتَنِي، فَإِنِّي غَافِرٌ لَكَ عَلى مَا كَانَ فِيكَ، يَا عَبْدِي إِنَّكَ إِنْ لَقِيتَنِي بِقُرَابِ الْأَرْضِ خَطِيئَةً مَا لَمْ تُشْرِكْ بِي، لَقِيتُكَ بِقُرَابِهَا مَغْفِرَة»

Allah said, “O My servant! As long as you worship and beg Me, I will forgive you, no matter your shortcomings. O My servant! If you meet Me with the earth’s fill of sin, yet you do not associate any partners with Me, I will meet you with its fill of forgiveness.”

Allah orders that He be worshipped Alone without partners, because He Alone is the Creator and Sustainer Who sends His favors and bounties on His creation in all situations and instances. Therefore He deserves to be singled out, without associating anything or anyone from His creation with Him in worship. Indeed, the Prophet said to Mu`adh,

«أَتَدْرِي مَا حَقُّ اللهِ عَلَى الْعِبَادِ؟»

“Do you know what Allah’s right on His servants is?” Mu`adh replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.”

He said,

«أنْ يَعْبُدُوهُ وَلَا يُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا»

“That they should worship Him and should not worship any others with Him”.

The Prophet then said,

«أَتَدْرِي مَا حَقُّ الْعِبَادِ عَلَى اللهِ إِذَا فَعَلُوا ذَلِكَ؟ أَنْ لَا يُعَذِّبَهُم»

“Do you know what the right of the servants on Allah is if they do this?

He should not punish them.”

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Give up Riba

3rd of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Baqarah Verses 278 and 279.

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱتَّقُوا۟ ٱللَّـهَ وَذَرُوا۟ مَا بَقِىَ مِنَ ٱلرِّبَوٰٓا۟ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ ﴿٢٧٨﴾فَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلُوا۟ فَأْذَنُوا۟ بِحَرْبٍ مِّنَ ٱللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ ۖ وَإِن تُبْتُمْ فَلَكُمْ رُءُوسُ أَمْوَٰلِكُمْ لَا تَظْلِمُونَ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ ﴿٢٧٩

..

278. O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah and give up what remains (due to you) from Riba (usury), if you are believers. 279. And if you do not do it, then take a notice of war from Allah and His Messenger but if you repent, you shall have your capital sums. Deal not unjustly (by asking more than your capital sums), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly (by receiving less than your capital sums).

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Volume 2, Page 78.

Allah commands His believing servants to fear Him and warns them against what would bring them closer to His anger and drive them away from His pleasure. Allah said,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ﴾

“O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah”

Meaning, fear Him and remember that He is watching all that you do.

﴿وَذَرُواْ مَا بَقِىَ مِنَ الرِّبَواْ﴾

And give up what remains of Riba

Meaning, abandon the Riba that people still owe you upon hearing this warning,

﴿إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ﴾

“if you indeed have been believers”.

Believing in the trade that He allowed you and the prohibition of Riba.

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Conceal not the Book!!!

2nd of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Baqarah Verse 174

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّـهُ مِنَ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ وَيَشْتَرُونَ بِهِۦ ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا ۙ أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ مَا يَأْكُلُونَ فِى بُطُونِهِمْ إِلَّا ٱلنَّارَ وَلَا يُكَلِّمُهُمُ ٱللَّـهُ يَوْمَ ٱلْقِيَـٰمَةِ وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ ﴿١٧٤

174. Verily, those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain therewith (of worldly things), they eat into their bellies nothing but fire. Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 1, Page 475.

Allah said in this Ayah:

﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَآ أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْكِتَـبِ وَيَشْتَرُونَ بِهِ ثَمَنًا قَلِيًلا﴾

“Verily, those who conceal what Allah has sent down of the Book, and purchase a small gain therewith”.

Meaning, the joys and delights of this earthly life. Allah said:

﴿أُولَـئِكَ مَا يَأْكُلُونَ فِي بُطُونِهِمْ إِلاَّ النَّارَ﴾

…they eat into their bellies nothing but fire,

Meaning, whatever they eat in return for hiding the truth, will turn into a raging fire in their stomachs on the Day of Resurrection. Allah said:

﴿وَلاَ يُكَلِّمُهُمُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَـمَةِ وَلاَ يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ﴾

“Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor purify them, and theirs will be a painful torment”.

This is because Allah is furious with them for concealing the truth. They thus deserve Allah’s anger, so Allah will not look at them or purify them, meaning that He will not praise them but will cause them to taste a severe torment.

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Stern Warnings

Rabi’  At-Thanni, 1432

Indeed, all praise and thanks are due to Allaah. We praise Him; seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek protection from Him from the evils of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomever Allaah guides, no one can misguide him, and whomever He sends astray, there is no other guide for him. I testify that nothing has any right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, having no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger-may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family, companions and those who follow them in goodness until the Day of Judgment. To proceed:

Assalaam alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakatuuh.

Last month was about hope and joy and mercy and all things good and beautiful. This month, I’m completing the verse I started therein and it doesnt take much to guess that as believers when there is hope, it most also be accompanied by fear in a balanced proportion.

إِنَّآ أَرْسَلْنَـٰكَ بِٱلْحَقِّ بَشِيرًا وَنَذِيرًا  ﴿١١٩

119. Verily, We have sent you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ) with the truth (Islam), a bringer of glad tidings and a Warner.

أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ يَبْتَغُونَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمُ ٱلْوَسِيلَةَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ وَيَرْجُونَ رَحْمَتَهُۥ وَيَخَافُونَ عَذَابَهُۥٓ ۚ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّكَ كَانَ مَحْذُورًا﴿٥٧

57. Those whom they call upon desire means of access to their Lord (Allah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they hope for His Mercy and fear His Torment. Verily, the Torment of your Lord is something to be afraid of!

Its easy to talk about the good and to bask in its joy but talking about the warnings is much harder as I do not consider myself as being safe from it either because

 وَٱلَّذِينَ هُم مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّهِم مُّشْفِقُونَ ﴿٢٧﴾ إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّهِمْ غَيْرُ مَأْمُونٍ ﴿٢٨

27. And those who fear the torment of their Lord 28. Verily! The torment of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure.

On a reassuring end-note, I narrate an incident that occurred during the time of the Rasul (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) related that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) entered on a young man who was dying, and said to him: “How are you?” He said: “I hope in Allah and fear my errors!” the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “They (fear and hope) will not be combined in the slave’s heart in this situation, but Allah will give him what he hopes for and will grant him safety from what he fears.” [Sunan At-Tirmidhi]

I pray Allaah grants us all that we hope for and protect us from that which we fear, Aamiin.

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A Beaming Light!

28th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Tahrim Verse 8.

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ تُوبُوٓا۟ إِلَى ٱللَّـهِ تَوْبَةً نَّصُوحًا عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمْ أَن يُكَفِّرَ عَنكُمْ سَيِّـَٔاتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّـٰتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا ٱلْأَنْهَـٰرُ يَوْمَ لَا يُخْزِى ٱللَّـهُ ٱلنَّبِىَّ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ مَعَهُۥ ۖ نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَىٰ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَـٰنِهِمْ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَٱغْفِرْ لَنَآ ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ ﴿٨

8. O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will remit from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), the Day that Allah will not disgrace the Prophet (Muhammad ) and those who believe with him, their Light will run forward before them and with (their Records Books of deeds) in their right hands they will say: “Our Lord! Keep perfect our Light for us and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You have power over all things .”

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 10, Page 70.

Allah the Exalted said,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ تُوبُواْ إِلَى اللَّهِ تَوْبَةً نَّصُوحاً﴾

“O you who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance!”

Meaning, a true, firm repentance that erases the evil sins that preceded it and mend the shortcoming of the repenting person, encouraging and directing him to quit the evil that he used to do. Allah said,

﴿عَسَى رَبُّكُمْ أَن يُكَفِّرَ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَـتِكُمْ وَيُدْخِلَكُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ﴾

“It may be that your Lord will expiate from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow”

And when Allaah says, “it may be,” it means He shall.

﴿يَوْمَ لاَ يُخْزِى اللَّهُ النَّبِىَّ وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَعَهُ﴾

“the Day that Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believe with him”

Meaning, on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not disgrace those who believed in the Prophet ,

﴿نُورُهُمْ يَسْعَى بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَـنِهِمْ﴾

“Their light will run forward before them and in their right hands”.

﴿يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ أَتْمِمْ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَآ إِنَّكَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ﴾

They will say: “Our Lord! Keep perfect our light for us and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You have power over all things.”

Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak and Al-Hasan Al-Basri and other said, “This is the statement that the believers will say on the Day of Resurrection, when they witness the light of the hypocrites being extinguished.”

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Green Gardens in Pairs!!!

27th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Rahmaan Verses 46 and 47.

 وَلِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِۦ جَنَّتَانِ ﴿٤٦﴾ فَبِأَىِّ ءَالَآءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ ﴿٤٧

46. But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens (i.e. in Paradise). 47. Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) deny?

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 9, Page 395.

Allah the Exalted said,

﴿وَلِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ﴾

“But for him who fears the standing before his Lord” (on the Day of Resurrection)

﴿وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَى﴾

“And restrained himself from the desires” (79:40),

And does not indulge nor prefer this worldly life. He who knows that the Hereafter is better and more lasting, so he fulfills what his Lord ordered him and stays away from His prohibitions, then he will earn two gardens from his Lord on the Day of Resurrection. Al-Bukhari recorded that `Abdullah bin Qays said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«جَنَّتَانِ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ آنِيَتُهُمَا وَمَا فِيهِمَا، وَجَنَّتَانِ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ آنِيَتُهُمَا وَمَا فِيهِمَا، وَمَا بَيْنَ الْقَوْمِ وَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَنْظُرُوا إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَّا رِدَاءُ الْكِبْرِيَاءِ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ فِي جَنَّةِ عَدْن»

“There are two gardens made of silver — their vessels and all that they contain. And there are two gardens made of gold — their vessels and all that they contain. And nothing stands between the people in the `Adn Garden and looking at their Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored, but the covering of pride before His Face”.

The Group, with the exception of Abu Dawud, collected this via the Hadith of `Abdul-`Aziz. This Ayah is general and applies to both humans and Jinns, providing proof that those among the Jinns who believe and have Taqwa will enter Paradise, for Allah is reminding the Ath-Thaqalayn of this favor, as He says;

﴿وَلِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ جَنَّتَانِ فَبِأَىِّ ءَالاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ ﴾

“But for him who fears the standing before his Lord, there will be two Gardens. Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both deny”

Then He describes these two gardens, by saying,

﴿ذَوَاتَآ أَفْنَانٍ ﴾

“With Afnan”

Their trees have beautiful young branches that hold and produce every type of ripened beautiful fruit,

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Ease of Affairs!!!

26th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Muhammad Verse 2.

وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَعَمِلُوا۟ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ وَءَامَنُوا۟ بِمَا نُزِّلَ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَهُوَ ٱلْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ ۙ كَفَّرَ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّـَٔاتِهِمْ وَأَصْلَحَ بَالَهُمْ ﴿٢

2. But those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and believe in that which is sent down to Muhammad (), for it is the truth from their Lord, He will expiate from them their sins, and will make good their state.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 9, Page 84.

Allah then says,

﴿وَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَاتِ﴾

“And those who believe and do righteous good deeds”,

Which means that their hearts and souls have believed, and their limbs and their hidden and apparent acts have complied with Allah’s Law.

﴿وَءَامَنُواْ بِمَا نُزِّلَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ﴾

“And believe in that which has been sent down to Muhammad”

Adding this statement to the previous one is a method of adding a specific meaning to a general one. This provides proof that after Muhammad’s advent, believing in him is a required condition for the true faith. Allah then says,

﴿وَهُوَ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ﴾

“For it is the truth from their Lord”.

Which is a beautifully placed parenthetical clause. Thus, Allah says,

﴿كَفَّرَ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَـتِهِمْ وَأَصْلَحَ بَالَهُمْ﴾

“He expiates from them their sins and amends their Bal”.

Ibn `Abbas, said, “This means their matter.” Mujahid said, “This means their affair.” Qatadah and Ibn Zayd both said, “Their condition.” And all of these are similar in meaning. It has been mentioned (from the Prophet ) in the Hadith of the responding to one who sneezes,

«يَهْدِيكُمُ اللهُ وَيُصْلِحُ بَالَكُم»

“May Allah guide you and rectify your (Bal) affairs”.

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Security!!!

25th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Dukhaan Verse 51

 إِنَّ ٱلْمُتَّقِينَ فِى مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ ﴿٥١﴾ فِى جَنَّـٰتٍ وَعُيُونٍ ﴿٥٢

51. Verily! The Muttaqun (pious) will be in place of Security (Paradise).  52. Among Gardens and Springs;

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 8, Page 694

When Allah describes the state of the doomed, He follows that with a description of the life of the blessed. For this reason the Qur’an is called Al-Mathani (i.e., oft-repeated).

﴿إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ﴾

“Verily, those who have Taqwa”,

That is, those who fear Allah and are dutiful towards Him in this world,

﴿فِى مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ﴾

“will be in place of security”.

Means, in the Hereafter, i.e., in Paradise, where they will be safe from death and the fear of leaving it, and from every kind of worry, grief, terror and exhaustion, and from the Shaytan and his wiles, and from all other troubles and disasters.

﴿فِى جَنَّـتٍ وَعُيُونٍ ﴾

“Among Gardens and Springs”.

This is in direct contrast to the state of the doomed, who will have the tree of Zaqqum and boiling water.

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No Fear nor Grief!

24th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Fussilat Verse 30

نَّ ٱلَّذِينَ قَالُوا۟ رَبُّنَا ٱللَّـهُ ثُمَّ ٱسْتَقَـٰمُوا۟ تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ ٱلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا۟ وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا۟ وَأَبْشِرُوا۟ بِٱلْجَنَّةِ ٱلَّتِى كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ ﴿٣٠

30. Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allah (Alone),” and then they Istaqamu , on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Volume 8, Page 537

Allaah says,

﴿إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُواْ رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَـمُواْ﴾

“Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allah,” and then they stand firm”,

Means, they do good deeds sincerely for the sake of Allah, and they obey Allah, doing what Allah has prescribed for them. Ibn Jarir reported a narration of Al-Aswad bin Hilal, who said, “Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, said, `What do you say about this Ayah? They said: They shun sin.’ He said, `You have not interpreted it properly.’ They say: `Our Lord is Allah, then they stand firm and do not turn to any other god besides Him. ”’ This was also the view of Mujahid, `Ikrimah, As-Suddi and others. Ahmad recorded that Sufyan bin `Abdullah Ath-Thaqafi said, “I said, `O Messenger of Allah, tell me something that I can adhere to.’ He said:

«قُلْ: رَبِّيَ اللهُ، ثُمَّ اسْتَقِم»

“Say, my Lord is Allah, then stand firm.”

I said, `O Messenger of Allah, what do you fear most for me’ The Messenger of Allah took hold of the edge of his tongue and said “This” This was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah; At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.”

﴿تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَـئِكَةُ﴾

“on them the angels will descend”.

Mujahid, As-Suddi, Zayd bin Aslam and Zayd’s son said, “This means, at the time of death, and they will say,

﴿أَلاَّ تَخَافُواْ﴾

“Fear not ”

Mujahid, `Ikrimah and Zayd bin Aslam said, “This means not to fear that which you will face in the Hereafter.”

﴿وَلاَ تَحْزَنُواْ﴾

“nor grieve!”

For what you have left behind of worldly things, children, family, wealth and debt, for we will take care of it for you.’

﴿وَأَبْشِرُواْ بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِى كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ﴾

“But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!”

So they give glad tidings of the end of bad things and the arrival of good things. This is like what is said in the Hadith narrated by Al-Bara’, may Allah be pleased with him:

«إِنَّ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تَقُولُ لِرُوحِ الْمُؤْمِنِ: اخْرُجِي أَيَّتُهَا الرُّوحُ الطَّيِّـبَةُ فِي الْجَسَدِ الطَّيِّبِ كُنْتِ تَعْمُرِينَهُ، اخْرُجِي إِلى رَوْحٍ وَرَيْحَانٍ وَرَبَ غَيْرِ غَضْبَان»

“The angels say to the soul of the believer, “Come out, O good soul from the good body in which you used to dwell, come out to rest, and provision and a Lord Who is not angry.”

It was said that the angels will come down to them on the Day when they are brought out of their graves. Zayd bin Aslam said, “They will give him glad tidings when he dies, in his grave, and when he is resurrected.” This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim, and this view reconciles all the opinions; it is a good view and it is true.

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