Posts Tagged With: parables

The Parables in The Quran!

15th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Kahf Verse 54

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وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِى هَـٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانِ لِلنَّاسِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱلْإِنسَـٰنُ أَكْثَرَ شَىْءٍ جَدَلًا ﴿٥٤

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54. And indeed We have put forth every kind of example in this Qur’an, for mankind. But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything.

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Tafsir Ibn Katheer 

Allah says: “In this Qur’an, We have explained to mankind and given clear details of matters so that they will not stray from the truth or be misled from the path of guidance. Despite this explanation, man is very quarrelsome and opposes truth with falsehood,'” except for those whom Allah guides to the path of salvation. Imam Ahmad recorded that `Ali bin Abi Talib said that the Messenger of Allah, may peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, came to visit him and Fatimah, the daughter of Allah’s Messenger at night, and said,

«أَلَا تُصَلِّيَانِ؟»

“Are you not going to pray”

I said, “O Messenger of Allah, our souls are in the Hand of Allah. If He wills to wake us, He will wake us.” When I said that, he went away without returning. Then I heard him as he was walking away, slapping his thigh and saying,

﴿وَكَانَ الإِنْسَـنُ أَكْثَرَ شَىءٍ جَدَلاً﴾

“But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything.”

It was also recorded in the Two Sahihs.

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The Parable of Bal’am ibn Ba’ura

9th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul A’araaf Verses 175 and 176

وَٱتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ ٱلَّذِىٓ ءَاتَيْنَـٰهُ ءَايَـٰتِنَا فَٱنسَلَخَ مِنْهَا فَأَتْبَعَهُ ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنُ فَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلْغَاوِينَ ﴿١٧٥﴾ وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَرَفَعْنَـٰهُ بِهَا وَلَـٰكِنَّهُۥٓ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَٱتَّبَعَ هَوَىٰهُ ۚ فَمَثَلُهُۥ كَمَثَلِ ٱلْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث ۚ ذَّٰلِكَ مَثَلُ ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا۟ بِـَٔايَـٰتِنَا ۚ فَٱقْصُصِ ٱلْقَصَصَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ ﴿١٧٦

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175. And recite (O Muhammad ) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our Ayat , but he threw them away, so Shaitan (Satan) followed him up, and he became of those who went astray.

176. And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his description is the description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the description of the people who reject Our Ayat. So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect.

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 207

Allah said next,

﴿فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ الْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث﴾

“So his parable is the parable of a dog: if you drive him away, he pants, or if you leave him alone, he (still) pants.”

Scholars of Tafsir have conflicting opinions regarding the meaning of this Ayah. Some scholars said that it refers to the end of Bal`am’s tongue which flickered out of his mouth, as in the story narrated from Ibn Ishaq (Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 204). Therefore, his example is the example of the dog, its tongue pants regardless of whether it is driven away or not.

It was also said that the meaning here is a parable of this man — and his like — concerning their misguidance, persisting the wrong path and not being able to benefit from faith or comprehend what they are being called to. So his example is that of a dog which pants whether it was driven away or left alone. The person described here does not benefit from the advice or the call to faith, just as if the advice and call never occurred. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿سَوَآءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ ءَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ﴾

“It is the same to them (disbelievers) whether you warn them or do not warn them, they will not believe.” (Q2:6)

It was also said that the meaning here, is that the heart of the disbeliever, the hypocrite and the wicked is weak and devoid of guidance. Therefore, it keeps faltering.

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The Parable of ‘Isa!!!

4th of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Al-Imraan Verse 59

إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَىٰ عِندَ ٱللَّـهِ كَمَثَلِ ءَادَمَ ۖ خَلَقَهُۥ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ ﴿٥٩

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59. Verily, the likeness of ‘Isa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” – and he was.

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 2, Page 175

Allaah said,

﴿إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِندَ اللَّهِ﴾

“Verily, the likeness of `Isa before Allah”

Regarding Allaah’s ability, since He created him without a father,

﴿كَمَثَلِ ءَادَمَ﴾

“is the likeness of Adam,”

For Allaah created Adam without a father or a mother. Rather,

﴿خَلَقَهُ مِن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ﴾

“He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” and he was.”

Therefore, He Who created Adam without a father or a mother is able to create `Isa, as well, without a father. If the claim is made that `Isa is Allaah’s son because he was created without a father, then the same claim befits Adam even more. However, since such a claim regarding Adam is obviously false, then making the same claim about `Isa is even more false.

Furthermore, by mentioning these facts, Allaah emphasizes His ability, by creating Adam without a male or female, Hawa’ from a male without a female, and `Isa from a mother without a father, compared to His creating the rest of creation from male and female. This is why Allaah said in Surah Maryam,

﴿وَلِنَجْعَلَهُ ءَايَةً لِّلْنَّاسِ﴾

“And We made him a sign for mankind” (19: 21)

Allaah said in this Ayah,

﴿الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ فَلاَ تَكُنْ مِّن الْمُمْتَرِينَ ﴾

“(This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt.”

Meaning, this is the only true story about `Isa, and what is beyond truth save falsehood.

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Profound Parables II

Jumada ath-Thaani, 1432

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Indeed, all praise and thanks are due to Allaah. We praise Him; seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek protection from Him from the evils of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomever Allaah guides, no one can misguide him, and whomever He sends astray, there is no other guide for him. I testify that nothing has any right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, having no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger-may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family, companions and those who follow them in goodness until the Day of Judgment. To proceed:

Assalaam alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakatuuh.

This post is titled Profound Parables II but this is not a part two of the previous month’s theme but rather a second attempt at doing justice to the theme. Last two months have been different, filled with activity but gratifying, Alhamdulillaah. Joined an online course and its been hectic re-planning my life around the life sessions and recordings. But I’ve missed my readings of Noble Quran and pouring over Tafsir Ibn Kathir, seeking an insight to the meaning of the words of the Quran. Another reason why I’ve been eager to resume my posts is the saying of the Rasul, may Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him:

Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said: “The best loved deeds to Allah are the ones that are continuous even if they are not very many.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

So inshaAllaah, I’m back, better (I hope) and hopefully I’ll be conveying some pearls from the courses in my future posts! I pray Allaah grants us beneficial knowledge, forgives our sins, makes us steadfast upon good and makes us of those who turn often to Him in repentance, Aamin.

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The Parable of Truth

13th of Jumada al -Uulaa

Suuratul Ra’d Verse 17

 أَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً فَسَالَتْ أَوْدِيَةٌۢ بِقَدَرِهَا فَٱحْتَمَلَ ٱلسَّيْلُ زَبَدًا رَّابِيًا ۚ وَمِمَّا يُوقِدُونَ عَلَيْهِ فِى ٱلنَّارِ ٱبْتِغَآءَ حِلْيَةٍ أَوْ مَتَـٰعٍ زَبَدٌ مِّثْلُهُۥ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَضْرِبُ ٱللَّـهُ ٱلْحَقَّ وَٱلْبَـٰطِلَ ۚ فَأَمَّا ٱلزَّبَدُ فَيَذْهَبُ جُفَآءً ۖ وَأَمَّا مَا يَنفَعُ ٱلنَّاسَ فَيَمْكُثُ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ ۚكَذَٰلِكَ يَضْرِبُ ٱللَّـهُ ٱلْأَمْثَالَ ﴿١٧

17. He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface, and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood . Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah sets forth parables.

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 5, Page 259

This honorable Ayah contains two parables which affirm that truth remains and increases, while falsehood diminishes and perishes. Allah said,

﴿أَنزَلَ مِنَ الْسَّمَآءِ مَآءً﴾

“He sends down water from the sky”,

﴿فَسَالَتْ أَوْدِيَةٌ بِقَدَرِهَا﴾

“and the valleys flow according to their measure”,

each valley taking its share according to its capacity, for some valleys are wider and can retain more water than others which are small and thus retain smaller measures of water. This Ayah indicates that hearts differ, for some of them can retain substantial knowledge while others cannot entertain knowledge, but rather are bothered by knowledge,

﴿فَاحْتَمَلَ السَّيْلُ زَبَدًا رَّابِيًا﴾

“but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface”

of the water that ran down the valleys; this is the first parable. Allah said next,

﴿وَمِمَّا يُوقِدُونَ عَلَيْهِ فِى النَّارِ ابْتِغَآءَ حِلْيَةٍ أَوْ مَتَـعٍ﴾

“and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils…”

This is the second parable, whereas gold and silver ore is heated with fire to make adornments with it, and iron and copper ore are heated to make pots and the like with it. Foam also rises to the surface of these ores, just as in the case with water,

﴿كَذَلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْحَقَّ وَالْبَـطِلَ﴾

“thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood.”

when they both exist, falsehood does not remain, just as foam does not remain with the water or the gold and silver ores which are heated in fire. Rather, foam dissipates and vanishes,

﴿فَأَمَّا الزَّبَدُ فَيَذْهَبُ جُفَآءً﴾

“Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks,”

for it carries no benefit and dissipates and scatters on the banks of the valley. The foam also sticks to trees or is dissipated by wind, just as the case with the scum that rises on the surface of gold, silver, iron and copper ores; it all goes away and never returns. However, water, gold and silver remain and are used to man’s benefit. This is why Allah said next,

﴿وَأَمَّا مَا يَنفَعُ النَّاسَ فَيَمْكُثُ فِى الاٌّرْضِ كَذلِكَ يَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الاٌّمْثَالَ﴾

“while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah sets forth parables.”

Allah said in a similar Ayah,

﴿وَتِلْكَ الاٌّمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَآ إِلاَّ الْعَـلِمُونَ ﴾

“And these similitudes We put forward for mankind; but none will understand them except those who have knowledge”. (29:43)

Some of the Salaf (rightly guided ancestors) said, “When I would read a parable in the Qur’an that I could not comprehend, I would cry for myself because Allah the Exalted says,

﴿وَمَا يَعْقِلُهَآ إِلاَّ الْعَـلِمُونَ﴾

“But none will understand them except those who have knowledge.” (29:43)

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Profound Parables!!!

Jumada al-Uulaa, 1432

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Indeed, all praise and thanks are due to Allaah. We praise Him; seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek protection from Him from the evils of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomever Allaah guides, no one can misguide him, and whomever He sends astray, there is no other guide for him. I testify that nothing has any right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, having no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger-may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family, companions and those who follow them in goodness until the Day of Judgment. To proceed:

Assalaam alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakatuuh.

Often times when we want to explain our ideas or facts to other people, we resort to examples or similitudes. This works because by linking the strange new to the familiar old, it helps people to quickly understand the message we are trying to pass across. This month, I’ll be relating some of the parables (examples) mentioned by Allaah in the Noble Quran. Allaah exalted is He sets forth for us numerous parables in His book which are so profound, so insightful and so apt that they literally blow my mind.

Allaah says:

 إِنَّ ٱللَّـهَ لَا يَسْتَحْىِۦٓ أَن يَضْرِبَ مَثَلًا مَّا بَعُوضَةً فَمَا فَوْقَهَا ۚ فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ فَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ فَيَقُولُونَ مَاذَآ أَرَادَ ٱللَّـهُ بِهَـٰذَا مَثَلًا ۘ يُضِلُّ بِهِۦ كَثِيرًا وَيَهْدِى بِهِۦ كَثِيرًا ۚ وَمَا يُضِلُّ بِهِۦٓ إِلَّا ٱلْفَـٰسِقِينَ ﴿٢٦

26. Verily, Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it. And as for those who believe, they know that it is the Truth from their Lord, but as for those who disbelieve, they say: “What did Allah intend by this parable?” By it He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He misleads thereby only those who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah).

So Allah has informed us that there is no matter that is too small that is exempt from being used as an example, even if it was as insignificant as a mosquito or a spider.

Mujahid (a famous commentator of the Qur’an) commented on Allah’s statement, saying “The believers believe in these parables, whether they involve large matters or small, because they know that they are the truth from their Lord, and Allah guides the believers by these parables.” In his Tafsir, As-Suddi reported that Ibn `Abbas said “Allah guides the believers with these parables, and the straying of the hypocrites increases when they reject the parables that Allah mentioned for them which they know are true. This is how Allah misleads them.”

I pray Allaah counts us among those who listen to His parables, reflect over them, believe and then imbibe the message therein, Aamin.

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