The Parable of Shirk!

23rd of Jumada ath-Thaani

Suuratul Zumar Verse 29

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ضَرَبَ ٱللَّـهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَآءُ مُتَشَـٰكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٢٩

***

29. Allah puts forth a similitude: a (slave) man belonging to many partners (like those who worship others along with Allah) disputing with one another, and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master, (like those who worship Allah Alone). Are those two equal in comparison? All the praises and thanks be to Allah! But most of them know not.

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Katheer Volume 8, Page 385

Allah says:

﴿ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً رَّجُلاً فِيهِ شُرَكَآءُ مُتَشَـكِسُونَ﴾

“Allah puts forth a parable: a man belonging to many partners disputing with one another,”

Meaning, they were disputing concerning that slave in whom they all had a share.

﴿وَرَجُلاً سَلَماً لِّرَجُلٍ﴾

“and a (slave) man belonging entirely to one master.”

means, no one owned him except that one man.

﴿هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلاً﴾

“Are those two equal in comparison”

Meaning, they are not the same. By the same token, the idolator who worships other gods besides Allah and the sincere believer who worships none besides Allah, with no partner or associate, are not equal. What comparison can there be between them Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Mujahid and others said, “This Ayah is the parable of the idolator and the sincere believer.” Because this parable is so clear and obvious, Allah then says:

﴿الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ﴾

“All the praises and thanks be to Allah!”

i.e., for establishing proof against them.

﴿بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ﴾

“But most of them know not. “

Means, and for this reason they associate others in worship with Allah.

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