Stern Warnings

Death!

21st of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Ankabut Verse 57

كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ ٱلْمَوْتِ ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ ﴿٥٧

57. Everyone shall taste the death. Then unto Us you shall be returned.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 7, Page 508

Allah says:

﴿كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَآئِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ثُمَّ إِلَيْنَا تُرْجَعُونَ ﴾

“Everyone shall taste death. Then unto Us you shall be returned.”

Meaning, `wherever you are, death with catch up with you, so always obey Allah and be where Allah commands you to be, for this is better for you. Death is inevitable and there is no escape from it, and then you will return to Allah, and whoever was obedient to Him will have the best reward.’

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The Shaytaan

19th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Nuur Verse 21

 يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَتَّبِعُوا۟ خُطُوَٰتِ ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنِ ۚ وَمَن يَتَّبِعْ خُطُوَٰتِ ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنِ فَإِنَّهُۥ يَأْمُرُ بِٱلْفَحْشَآءِ وَٱلْمُنكَرِ ۚوَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ ٱللَّـهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُۥ مَا زَكَىٰ مِنكُم مِّنْ أَحَدٍ أَبَدًا وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّـهَ يُزَكِّى مَن يَشَآءُ ۗ وَٱللَّـهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ ﴿٢١

21. O you who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). And whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan), then, verily he commands Al-Fahsha’, and Al-Munkar. And had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 7, Page 50.

Then Allah says:

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَتِ الشَّيْطَـنِ﴾

“O you who believe! Follow not the Khutuwat of Shaytan.”

Meaning, his ways and paths and what he commands,

﴿وَمَن يَتَّبِعْ خُطُوَتِ الشَّيْطَـنِ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْمُرُ بِالْفَحْشَآءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ﴾

“And whosoever follows the footsteps of Shaytan, then, verily, he commands immorality and the evil deeds.”

This is a warning given in the most concise and eloquent manner. `Ali bin Abi Talhah recorded from Ibn `Abbas that the Khutuwat of Shaytan means his deeds. `Ikrimah said that it means his evil whispers. Qatadah said: “Every sin is one of the footsteps of Shaytan.” Abu Mijlaz said: “Vowing to commit sin is one of the footsteps of Shaytan.” Then Allah says:

﴿وَلَوْلاَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ مَا زَكَى مِنكُم مِّنْ أَحَدٍ أَبَداً﴾

“And had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy on you, not one of you would ever have been pure from sins.”

Meaning, if He did not help whomever He wills to repent and come back to Him and be purified from Shirk, evil and sin, and whatever bad characteristics each person has according to his nature, no one would ever attain purity and goodness.

﴿وَلَـكِنَّ اللَّهَ يُزَكِّى مَن يَشَآءُ﴾

“But Allah purifies whom He wills”

Means, among His creation, and He sends astray whomever He wills, leaving him to be doomed in his misguidance and sin.

﴿وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ﴾

“And Allah is All-Hearer”,

means, He hears what His servants say,

﴿عَلِيمٌ﴾

“All-Knower.”

Of who deserves to be guided and who deserves to be misguided.

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The EarthQuake!

17th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Hajj Verse 1.

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱتَّقُوا۟ رَبَّكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ زَلْزَلَةَ ٱلسَّاعَةِ شَىْءٌ عَظِيمٌ﴿١

1. O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 6, Page 516

Allah commands His servants to have Taqwa of Him, He informs them of the terrors of the Day of Resurrection which will come to them with its earthquakes and other horrors, as He says:

﴿إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الاٌّرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا – وَأَخْرَجَتِ الأَرْضُ أَثْقَالَهَا ﴾

When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. And when the earth throws out its burdens. (99:1-2)

﴿وَحُمِلَتِ الاٌّرْضُ وَالْجِبَالُ فَدُكَّتَا دَكَّةً وَحِدَةً – فَيَوْمَئِذٍ وَقَعَتِ الْوَاقِعَةُ ﴾

And the earth and the mountains shall be removed from their places, and crushed with a single crushing. Then on that Day shall the (Great) Event befall. (69:14-15)

And;

﴿إِذَا رُجَّتِ الاٌّرْضُ رَجّاً – وَبُسَّتِ الْجِبَالُ بَسّاً ﴾

When the earth will be shaken with a terrible shake. And the mountains will be powdered to dust. (56:4-5)

It was said that this earthquake will come at the end of the life span of this world, at the outset of the Hour. Ibn Jarir recorded that `Alqamah commented on Allah’s saying,

﴿إِنَّ زَلْزَلَةَ السَّاعَةِ شَىْءٌ عَظِيمٌ﴾

Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing.

“Before the Hour.” Others said that this refers to the terror, fear, earthquakes and chaos that will happen on the Day of Resurrection, in the arena (of Judgement), after the resurrection from the graves. This was the view favored by Ibn Jarir.

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Do Not Neglect Salat

16th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul- Maryam Verse 59

 فَخَلَفَ مِنۢ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَٱتَّبَعُوا۟ ٱلشَّهَوَٰتِ ۖ فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيًّا ﴿٥٩

59. Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat[i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 6, Page 282

After Allah mentioned the party of blessed ones — the Prophets and those who followed them by maintainig the limits set by Allah and His commandments, fulfilling what Allah ordered and avoiding His prohibitions — then He mentions,

خَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ

“there has succeeded them a posterity”

This means later generations.

﴿أَضَاعُواْ الصَّلَـوةَ﴾

“who have lost Salah”

Losing their prayers is when they do not consider the prayers obligatory. Therefore they lose, because the prayer is the pillar and foundation of the religion. It is the best of the servants’ deeds. Thus, these people will occupy themselves with worldly desires and delights, and they will be pleased with the life of this world. They will be tranquil and at ease in the worldly appetites. Therefore, these people will meet with Ghaiy, which means loss on the Day of Resurrection. Al-Awza`i reported from Musa bin Sulayman, who reported from Al-Qasim bin Mukhaymirah that he said concerning Allah’s statement,

﴿فَخَلَفَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُواْ الصَّلَـوةَ﴾

“Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have lost the Salah”

“This means that they will not keep up with the proper times of the prayer, because if it meant complete abandonment of the prayer, this would be disbelief.” Allah said,

﴿فَسَوْفَ يَلْقُونَ غَيّاً﴾

“So they will meet Ghayy”.

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said “This means loss”. Qatadah said, “This means evil.” Allah said,

﴿إِلاَّ مَن تَابَ وَءَامَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَـلِحاً﴾

“Except those who repent and believe and work righteousness”.

This means, “Except those who recant from giving up the prayers and following the desires, for verily, Allah will accept their repentance, give them a good end and make them of those who inherit the Garden of Delight (Paradise). ” For this reason Allah says,

﴿فَأُوْلَـئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلاَ يُظْلَمُونَ شَيْئاً﴾

“Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught”

This is because repentance wipes away that which was before it.

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Break not your Oaths!

14th Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Nahl Verse 91.

وَأَوْفُوا۟ بِعَهْدِ ٱللَّـهِ إِذَا عَـٰهَدتُّمْ وَلَا تَنقُضُوا۟ ٱلْأَيْمَـٰنَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ ٱللَّـهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّـهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ﴿٩١

91. And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (Bai’a: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted, and break not the oaths after you have confirmed them, and indeed you have appointed Allah your surety. Verily! Allah knows what you do.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 5.

This is one of the commands of Allah, to fulfill covenants, keep promises and to fulfill oaths after confirming them. Thus Allah says:

﴿وَلاَ تَنقُضُواْ الاٌّيْمَـنَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا﴾

“and do not break the oaths after you have confirmed them”

There is no conflict between this and the Ayat:

﴿وَلاَ تَجْعَلُواْ اللَّهَ عُرْضَةً لاًّيْمَـنِكُمْ﴾

“And do not use Allah as an excuse in your oaths” (2:224)

﴿ذلِكَ كَفَّارَةُ أَيْمَـنِكُمْ إِذَا حَلَفْتُمْ وَاحْفَظُواْ أَيْمَـنَكُمْ﴾

“That is the expiation for oaths when you have sworn. And protect your oaths” (5:89)

Meaning, do not forgo your oaths without offering the penance. There is also no conflict between this Ayah (16:91) and the Hadith reported in the Two Sahihs according to which the Prophet said:

«إِنِّي وَاللهِ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ لَا أَحْلِفُ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَأَرَى غَيْرَهَا خَيْرًا مِنْهَا إِلَّا أَتَيْتُ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ وَتَحَلَّلْتُهَا وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ وَكَفَّرْتُ عَنْ يَمِينِي»

“By Allah, if Allah wills, I will not swear an oath and then realize that something else is better, but I do that which is better and find a way to free myself from the oath”. According to another report he said: “and I offer penance for my oath”.

There is no contradiction at all between all of these texts and the Ayah under discussion here, which is:

﴿وَلاَ تَنقُضُواْ الاٌّيْمَـنَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا﴾

“and do not break the oaths after you have confirmed them”

Because these are the kinds of oaths that have to do with covenants and promises, not the kind that have to do with urging oneself to do something or preventing him from doing something.

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Be Not Ungrateful!

13th of Rabi’ Al-Awwal

Suuratul Ibrahiim Verse 7.

وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِى لَشَدِيدٌ ﴿٧

7. And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed: “If you give thanks (by accepting Faith and worshipping none but Allah), I will give you more (of My Blessings), but if you are thankless (i.e. disbelievers), verily! My Punishment is indeed severe.”

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 5, Page 313.

Allah’s statement next,

﴿وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ﴾

“And (remember) when your Lord proclaimed”

Means, proclaimed and made known His promise to you. It is possible that this Ayah means, your Lord has vowed and sworn by His might, grace and exaltness. Allah said in a similar Ayah,

﴿وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكَ لَيَبْعَثَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ﴾

“And (remember) when your Lord declared that He would certainly keep on sending against them (i.e. the Jews), till the Day of Resurrection” (7:167)

Allah said,

﴿لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ﴾

“If you give thanks, I will give you more;”

Meaning, `if you appreciate My favor on you, I will give you more of it,

﴿وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ﴾

“but if you are thankless”

If you are not thankful for My favors, covering and denying, them,

﴿إِنَّ عَذَابِى لَشَدِيدٌ﴾

“verily, My punishment is indeed severe”

By depriving you of the favor and punishing you for being unappreciative of it.’ A Hadith states that,

«إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ لَيُحْرَمُ الرِّزْقَ بِالذَّنْبِ يُصِيبُه»

“A servant might be deprived of a provision (that was written for him) because of a sin that he commits”.

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Cheat Not!

12th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Hud Verse 85

وَيَـٰقَوْمِ أَوْفُوا۟ ٱلْمِكْيَالَ وَٱلْمِيزَانَ بِٱلْقِسْطِ ۖ وَلَا تَبْخَسُوا۟ ٱلنَّاسَ أَشْيَآءَهُمْ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ ﴿٨٥

85. “O my people! Give full measure and weight in justice and reduce not the things that are due to the people, and do not commit mischief in the land, causing corruption.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Volume 5

Allah, the Exalted, says, `We sent a Messenger to the people of Madyan.’ They were a tribe of Arabs who lived between the land of the Al-Hijaz and Ash-Sham, close to the land of Ma`an. Their land was known by the name of their tribe and was thus, called Madyan. Allah sent unto them the Prophet Shu`ayb and he was of the noblest of them in lineage.

First, he (Shu`ayb) prohibited them from cheating in business by decreasing the weights whenever they gave (products) to people. He commanded them to give just measure and weight whether they were giving or receiving (in transactions). He also forbade them from causing mischief and corruption in the land. This was due to their practice of highway robbery along the roads. Abu Ja`far bin Jarir said,

﴿بَقِيَّتُ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ﴾

“That which is left by Allah (after giving the rights of the people) is better for you”

This means what you gain from your successful business dealings in which you have given just measure, is better for you than wrongfully taking the wealth of the people.”

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Hoard Not!

10th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Tawbah Verses 34 and 35.

 وَٱلَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ ٱلذَّهَبَ وَٱلْفِضَّةَ وَلَا يُنفِقُونَهَا فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّـهِ فَبَشِّرْهُم بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ﴿٣٤

يَوْمَ يُحْمَىٰ عَلَيْهَا فِى نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ فَتُكْوَىٰ بِهَا جِبَاهُهُمْ وَجُنُوبُهُمْ وَظُهُورُهُمْ ۖ هَـٰذَا مَا كَنَزْتُمْ لِأَنفُسِكُمْ فَذُوقُوا۟ مَا كُنتُمْ تَكْنِزُونَ ﴿٣٥

34. …..And those who hoard up gold and silver [Al-Kanz: the money, theZakat of which has not been paid], and spend it not in the Way of Allah, -announce unto them a painful torment. 35. On the Day when that (Al-Kanz) will be heated in the Fire of Hell and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, (and it will be said unto them):-“This is the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you used to hoard.”

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 415.

Allah said,

﴿وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ وَلاَ يُنفِقُونَهَا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَبَشِّرْهُمْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ﴾

“And those who hoard Kanz and spend them not in the way of Allah, announce unto them a painful torment”

As for Kanz, it refers to the wealth on which Zakah has not been paid, according to Malik, who narrated this from `Abdullah bin Dinar from Ibn `Umar. Al-Bukhari recorded that Az-Zuhri said that Khalid bin Aslam said that `Abdullah bin `Umar said, “This was before Zakah was ordained. When Zakah was ordained, Allah made it a cleanser for wealth.” `Umar bin `Abdul-`Aziz and `Irak bin Malik said that this Ayah was abrogated by Allah’s statement,

﴿خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَلِهِمْ صَدَقَةً﴾

“Take Sadaqah (alms) from their wealth”

There are many Hadiths that admonish hoarding gold and silver. We will mention here some of these Hadiths. `Abdur-Razzaq recorded a Hadith from `Ali about Allah’s statement,

﴿وَالَّذِينَ يَكْنِزُونَ الذَّهَبَ وَالْفِضَّةَ﴾

“And those who hoard up gold and silver…”

`Ali said that the Prophet said,

« تَبًّا لِلذَّهَبٍ تَبًّا لِلْفِضَّة»

“Woe to gold! Woe to silver”.

He repeated this statement thrice, and this Hadith was hard on the Companions of the Messenger of Allah , who said, “What type of wealth should we use” `Umar said, “I will find out for you,” and he asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! Your statement was hard for your Companions. They asked, `What wealth should we use”’ The Prophet answered,

«لِسَانًا ذَاكِرًا وَقَلْبًا شَاكِرًا وَزَوْجَةً تُعِينُ أَحَدَكُمْ عَلَى دِينِه»

“A remembering tongue, an appreciative heart and a wife that helps one of you implement his religion”.

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No Corruption!

8th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul An-‘Aam Verse 56

وَلَا تُفْسِدُوا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَـٰحِهَا وَٱدْعُوهُ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا ۚ إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ ٱللَّـهِ قَرِيبٌ مِّنَ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿٥٦

56. And do not do mischief (corruption) on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 81

Allah said next,

﴿وَلاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَـحِهَا﴾

“And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order”

Allah prohibits causing mischief on the earth, especially after it has been set in order. When the affairs are in order and then mischief occurs, it will cause maximum harm to the people; thus Allah forbids causing mischief and ordained worshipping Him, supplicating to Him, begging Him and being humble to Him. Allah said,

﴿وَادْعُوهُ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا﴾

“and invoke Him with fear and hope”

fearing what He has of severe torment and hoping in what He has of tremendous reward. Allah then said,

﴿إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ اللَّهِ قَرِيبٌ مِّنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ﴾

“Surely, Allah’s mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers”

His mercy is for the good-doers who obey His commands and avoid what He prohibited. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿وَرَحْمَتِى وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ فَسَأَكْتُبُهَا لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ﴾

“And My mercy envelopes all things. That (mercy) I shall ordain for those who who have Taqwa” (7:156)

Matar Al-Warraq said, “Earn Allah’s promise by obeying Him, for He ordained that His mercy is near to the good-doers. ” Ibn Abi Hatim collected this statement.

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Disbelief!!!

6th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Nisai’ Verse 170

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَكُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِٱلْحَقِّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَـَٔامِنُوا۟ خَيْرًا لَّكُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَكْفُرُوا۟ فَإِنَّ لِلَّـهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّـهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا ﴿١٧٠

170. O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger (Muhammad ) with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. And Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise.

***

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 3, Page 53

Allah then said,

﴿يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَكُمُ الرَّسُولُ بِالْحَقِّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَـَامِنُواْ خَيْراً لَّكُمْ﴾

“O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you.”

This Ayah means, Muhammad has come to you with guidance, the religion of truth and clear proof from Allah. Therefore believe in what he has brought you and follow him, for this is better for you. Allah then said,

﴿وَإِن تَكْفُرُواْ فَإِنَّ للَّهِ مَا فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ﴾

“But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth”

Allah is far too rich than to need you or your faith, and no harm could ever affect Him because of your disbelief. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿وَقَالَ مُوسَى إِن تَكْفُرُواْ أَنتُمْ وَمَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ جَمِيعًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِىٌّ حَمِيدٌ ﴾

“And Musa said: “If you disbelieve, you and all on earth together, then verily, Allah is Rich (Free of all needs), Owner of all praise.”

Allah said here,

﴿وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيماً﴾

“And Allah is Ever All-Knowing”

He knows those who deserve to be guided, and He will guide them. He also knows those who deserve deviation, and He leads them to it,

﴿حَكِيماً﴾

“All-Wise”

in His statements, actions, legislation and all that He decrees.

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