Posts Tagged With: mischief

Cheat Not!

12th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul Hud Verse 85

وَيَـٰقَوْمِ أَوْفُوا۟ ٱلْمِكْيَالَ وَٱلْمِيزَانَ بِٱلْقِسْطِ ۖ وَلَا تَبْخَسُوا۟ ٱلنَّاسَ أَشْيَآءَهُمْ وَلَا تَعْثَوْا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ ﴿٨٥

85. “O my people! Give full measure and weight in justice and reduce not the things that are due to the people, and do not commit mischief in the land, causing corruption.

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Volume 5

Allah, the Exalted, says, `We sent a Messenger to the people of Madyan.’ They were a tribe of Arabs who lived between the land of the Al-Hijaz and Ash-Sham, close to the land of Ma`an. Their land was known by the name of their tribe and was thus, called Madyan. Allah sent unto them the Prophet Shu`ayb and he was of the noblest of them in lineage.

First, he (Shu`ayb) prohibited them from cheating in business by decreasing the weights whenever they gave (products) to people. He commanded them to give just measure and weight whether they were giving or receiving (in transactions). He also forbade them from causing mischief and corruption in the land. This was due to their practice of highway robbery along the roads. Abu Ja`far bin Jarir said,

﴿بَقِيَّتُ اللَّهِ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ﴾

“That which is left by Allah (after giving the rights of the people) is better for you”

This means what you gain from your successful business dealings in which you have given just measure, is better for you than wrongfully taking the wealth of the people.”

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No Corruption!

8th of Rabi’ At-Thanni

Suuratul An-‘Aam Verse 56

وَلَا تُفْسِدُوا۟ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَـٰحِهَا وَٱدْعُوهُ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا ۚ إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ ٱللَّـهِ قَرِيبٌ مِّنَ ٱلْمُحْسِنِينَ ﴿٥٦

56. And do not do mischief (corruption) on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers.

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Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 4, Page 81

Allah said next,

﴿وَلاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ بَعْدَ إِصْلَـحِهَا﴾

“And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order”

Allah prohibits causing mischief on the earth, especially after it has been set in order. When the affairs are in order and then mischief occurs, it will cause maximum harm to the people; thus Allah forbids causing mischief and ordained worshipping Him, supplicating to Him, begging Him and being humble to Him. Allah said,

﴿وَادْعُوهُ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا﴾

“and invoke Him with fear and hope”

fearing what He has of severe torment and hoping in what He has of tremendous reward. Allah then said,

﴿إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ اللَّهِ قَرِيبٌ مِّنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ﴾

“Surely, Allah’s mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers”

His mercy is for the good-doers who obey His commands and avoid what He prohibited. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿وَرَحْمَتِى وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ فَسَأَكْتُبُهَا لِلَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ﴾

“And My mercy envelopes all things. That (mercy) I shall ordain for those who who have Taqwa” (7:156)

Matar Al-Warraq said, “Earn Allah’s promise by obeying Him, for He ordained that His mercy is near to the good-doers. ” Ibn Abi Hatim collected this statement.

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