The Parable of Hypocrisy

1st of Jumada ath -Thaanii

Suuratul Baqarah Verse 19

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أَوْ كَصَيِّبٍ مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فِيهِ ظُلُمَـٰتٌ وَرَعْدٌ وَبَرْقٌ يَجْعَلُونَ أَصَـٰبِعَهُمْ فِىٓ ءَاذَانِهِم مِّنَ ٱلصَّوَٰعِقِ حَذَرَ ٱلْمَوْتِ ۚ وَٱللَّـهُ مُحِيطٌۢ بِٱلْكَـٰفِرِينَ ﴿١٩

***

19. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder, and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers (i.e. Allah will gather them all together).

~~~

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 1, Page 142

This is another parable which Allah gave about the hypocrites who sometimes know the truth and doubt it at other times. When they suffer from doubt, confusion and disbelief, their hearts are,

﴿كَصَيِّبٍ﴾

“Like a Sayyib”,

Meaning, “The rain”, as Ibn Mas`ud, Ibn `Abbas, and several other Companions have confirmed. The most accepted opinion is that it means the rain that comes down during,

﴿ظُلُمَـتِ﴾

“darkness”,

Meaning, here, the doubts, disbelief and hypocrisy.

﴿وَرَعْدٌ﴾

“thunder”

That shocks the hearts with fear. The hypocrites are usually full of fear and anxiety, just as Allah described them elsewhere,

﴿الْبَرْقَ﴾

“The lightning”,

Is in reference to the light of faith that is sometimes felt in the hearts of the hypocrites,

﴿يَجْعَلُونَ أَصْـبِعَهُمْ فِى ءَاذَانِهِم مِّنَ الصَّوَعِقِ حَذَرَ الْمَوْتِ وَاللَّهُ مُحِيطٌ بِالْكـفِرِينَ﴾

“They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers”,

Meaning, their cautiousness does not benefit them because they are bound by Allah’s all-encompassing will and decision. Allah then said,

﴿يَكَادُ الْبَرْقُ يَخْطَفُ أَبْصَـرَهُمْ﴾

“The lightning almost snatches away their sight”

Meaning, because the lightning is strong itself, and because their comprehension is weak and does not allow them to embrace the faith.

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