16th of Rabi’ At-Thanni
Suuratul- Maryam Verse 59
فَخَلَفَ مِنۢ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُوا۟ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَٱتَّبَعُوا۟ ٱلشَّهَوَٰتِ ۖ فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيًّا ﴿٥٩
59. Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat[i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 6, Page 282
After Allah mentioned the party of blessed ones — the Prophets and those who followed them by maintainig the limits set by Allah and His commandments, fulfilling what Allah ordered and avoiding His prohibitions — then He mentions,
خَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ
“there has succeeded them a posterity”
This means later generations.
“who have lost Salah”
Losing their prayers is when they do not consider the prayers obligatory. Therefore they lose, because the prayer is the pillar and foundation of the religion. It is the best of the servants’ deeds. Thus, these people will occupy themselves with worldly desires and delights, and they will be pleased with the life of this world. They will be tranquil and at ease in the worldly appetites. Therefore, these people will meet with Ghaiy, which means loss on the Day of Resurrection. Al-Awza`i reported from Musa bin Sulayman, who reported from Al-Qasim bin Mukhaymirah that he said concerning Allah’s statement,
﴿فَخَلَفَ مِن بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضَاعُواْ الصَّلَـوةَ﴾
“Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have lost the Salah”
“This means that they will not keep up with the proper times of the prayer, because if it meant complete abandonment of the prayer, this would be disbelief.” Allah said,
﴿فَسَوْفَ يَلْقُونَ غَيّاً﴾
“So they will meet Ghayy”.
`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said “This means loss”. Qatadah said, “This means evil.” Allah said,
﴿إِلاَّ مَن تَابَ وَءَامَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَـلِحاً﴾
“Except those who repent and believe and work righteousness”.
This means, “Except those who recant from giving up the prayers and following the desires, for verily, Allah will accept their repentance, give them a good end and make them of those who inherit the Garden of Delight (Paradise). ” For this reason Allah says,
﴿فَأُوْلَـئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلاَ يُظْلَمُونَ شَيْئاً﴾
“Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught”
This is because repentance wipes away that which was before it.