5th of Rabi’ At-Thanni
Suuratul Nisaa’ Verse 112.
إِنَّ ٱللَّـهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِٱللَّـهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَـٰلًۢا بَعِيدًا﴿١١٦
116. Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 2, Page 582.
Allah said that He,
﴿لاَ يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ﴾
“forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship)”
Meaning, He does not forgive a servant if he meets Him while he is associating partners with Him,
﴿وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَلِكَ﴾
“but He forgives except that (of sins)”
“to whom He wills (of His servants)”
Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr said that the Messenger of Allah said,
«إِنَّ اللهَ يَقُولُ: يَا عَبْدِي مَا عَبَدْتَنِي وَرَجَوْتَنِي، فَإِنِّي غَافِرٌ لَكَ عَلى مَا كَانَ فِيكَ، يَا عَبْدِي إِنَّكَ إِنْ لَقِيتَنِي بِقُرَابِ الْأَرْضِ خَطِيئَةً مَا لَمْ تُشْرِكْ بِي، لَقِيتُكَ بِقُرَابِهَا مَغْفِرَة»
Allah said, “O My servant! As long as you worship and beg Me, I will forgive you, no matter your shortcomings. O My servant! If you meet Me with the earth’s fill of sin, yet you do not associate any partners with Me, I will meet you with its fill of forgiveness.”
Allah orders that He be worshipped Alone without partners, because He Alone is the Creator and Sustainer Who sends His favors and bounties on His creation in all situations and instances. Therefore He deserves to be singled out, without associating anything or anyone from His creation with Him in worship. Indeed, the Prophet said to Mu`adh,
«أَتَدْرِي مَا حَقُّ اللهِ عَلَى الْعِبَادِ؟»
“Do you know what Allah’s right on His servants is?” Mu`adh replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.”
«أنْ يَعْبُدُوهُ وَلَا يُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا»
“That they should worship Him and should not worship any others with Him”.
The Prophet then said,
«أَتَدْرِي مَا حَقُّ الْعِبَادِ عَلَى اللهِ إِذَا فَعَلُوا ذَلِكَ؟ أَنْ لَا يُعَذِّبَهُم»
“Do you know what the right of the servants on Allah is if they do this?
He should not punish them.”