Al-Ghaniyy: The (Truly) Rich!

Suuratul An’aam Verse 133

وَرَبُّكَ ٱلْغَنِىُّ ذُو ٱلرَّحْمَةِ ۚ إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ وَيَسْتَخْلِفْ مِنۢ بَعْدِكُم مَّا يَشَآءُ كَمَآ أَنشَأَكُم مِّن ذُرِّيَّةِ قَوْمٍ ءَاخَرِينَ ﴿١٣٣

133. And your Lord is Rich (Free of all wants), full of Mercy, if He will, He can destroy you, and in your place make whom He will as your successors, as He raised you from the seed of other people.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir Volume 3, Page 475.

Allah said,

﴿وَرَبُّكَ﴾

And your Lord…, (O Muhammad)

﴿الْغَنِىُّ﴾

is Al-Ghani

 

Rich, free from needing His creatures in any way or form, while they stand in need of Him in all situations,

﴿ذُو الرَّحْمَةِ﴾

full of mercy;

 

towards creation. Allah said in another Ayah (2:143),

﴿إِنَّ اللَّهَ بِالنَّاسِ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ﴾

(Tuly, Allah is full of kindness, the Most Merciful towards mankind.

﴿إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ﴾

if He wills, He can destroy you. (if you defy His commandments),

﴿وَيَسْتَخْلِفْ مِن بَعْدِكُم مَّا يَشَآءُ﴾

And in your place make whom He wills as your successors, (who behave obediently),

﴿كَمَآ أَنشَأَكُمْ مِّن ذُرِّيَّةِ قَوْمٍ ءَاخَرِينَ﴾

As He raised you from the seed of other people.

and surely, He is able to do this, and it is easy for Him. And just as Allah has destroyed the earlier nations and brought their successors, He is able to do away with these generations and bring other people in their place. Allah has also said (4:133);

﴿إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ وَيَأْتِ بِـاخَرِينَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَى ذلِكَ قَدِيراً ﴾

If He wills, He can take you away, O people, and bring others. And Allah is Ever Capable over that.

﴿يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَنتُمُ الْفُقَرَآءُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ الْغَنِىُّ الْحَمِيدُ – إِن يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُـمْ وَيَأْتِ بِخَلْقٍ جَدِيدٍ وَمَا ذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ بِعَزِيزٍ ﴾

O mankind! It is you who stand in need of Allah. But Allah is Rich (free of all needs), Worthy of all praise. If He willed, He could destroy you and bring about a new creation. And that is not hard for Allah. (35:15-17)

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